Industrial Control Systems Security

The growing threat of advanced cyberattacks on critical infrastructure and industrial control systems is a unique challenge for organizations. Government spies, terrorists, and organized crime increasingly target industrial systems, resulting in physical disruption of commercial operations and theft of intellectual property. Disruption of industrial control systems, in addition to destroying expensive equipment, can also lead to interruption of critical operations. These attacks, in turn, can lead to widespread costs and a loss of public confidence in society.
  • Industrial control systems include technologies such as data monitoring and data acquisition (SCADA) and distributed control systems (DCS), which are at the core of day-to-day operations in chemical processing, oil and gas production infrastructure and other industries.
  • These programs include rail switches, SCADA monitors, and programmable logic controllers (PLCs). Infrastructure organizations that are critical to the economy and national security use similar technologies, from banking data centers to power grids and rail transportation.
  • Many of these systems are increasingly connected to IT networks, exposing them to cyberattacks.
  • the Air-Gap network due to its separation from the World Wide Web, has its own range of attacks, which are widespread and dangerous, attacks based on Physical Media, Acoustic Electromagnetic, Magnetic, Electric, Optical and Thermal, which has greatly increased the cyber risks to industrial control systems. These attacks are implemented on the basis of industrial and military networks and have a special secrecy.
  • Human factors are also the driving force behind Physical Media attacks, so informing human resources in the field of cybersecurity will be a principle. Also, if the hardware used is not in the right structure, they can form the factors of forming an attack scenario.

Architecture Review

In the first step, the IT and OT architecture of the industrial complex should be thoroughly studied and visualized. Software and management systems, communication protocols and Programmable logic controller (PLC) should also be examined and monitored so targeted penetration tests are implemented on them in terms of cybersecurity and vulnerable areas are identified, in which all communication arrangements and connected devices should be identified and examined under a magnifying glass.

Vulnerability Assessment of Devices and Applications

Software and hardware technologies used in industrial spaces must be thoroughly evaluated for cybersecurity, including operating systems, port-enabled services, databases, and controllable management software. Accurate expertise is the discovery of zero-day vulnerabilities that can occur in both binary and web layers.

Assess Network Vulnerabilities

The evaluation of the communication network of industrial spaces alone has a list of vulnerabilities that must be thoroughly investigated. For example, in the architecture of Air-Gap networks, there are always unique scenarios and threats that must be addressed separately. Communication protocols that are constantly interacting with sensors and operating devices must also be fully inspected for cybersecurity.

Industrial Penetration Testing

In industrial penetration testing, the team of experts always try to examine all vulnerabilities in two methods, black box and white box. Here, the focus is on detecting vulnerabilities, not evaluating them. In this regard, the penetration testing process provides more comprehensive and complete vulnerability detection that allows all devices and operating systems, including IoT devices, to be tested.

Red Team Simulation

But the highest level of cybersecurity assessment of industrial complexes can be considered as red team simulation, the red team always tries to fully implement the operational method of all cyberattack teams that have ever attacked industrial complexes, and Makes the problem areas appear and has suitable conditions for the attacker, One of these simulations is the Stuxnet industrial cyberattack.

Red Teaming and Social Engineering
Digital Forensics and Incident Response

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