Red Teaming and Social Engineering

A red team operation consists of a realistic scenario of a global offensive attack, often used for large-scale targets, red teams use every documented and innovative method to penetrate the victim’s cyberspace, these standards It is in accordance with MITRE ATT&CK and simulates all the fourteen documented plans regarding the global cyberattack. This simulation seriously tests the status of all your defense mechanisms and their performance quality. Therefore, the services of the red team are one, It is one of the most important and sensitive offensive security services.


  • Red teaming differs from penetration testing: Red teaming is not limited to a specific domain and is not strict (for example, the access level is only limited to the scope of a specific web application).
  • Discovering vulnerabilities specific to creating access, some of which are relevant only in the red team, such as discovering vulnerabilities from browsers and using them in the attack scenario.
  • Red team operations are not only limited to technical techniques, but also include human factors (social engineering) as well as physical security (level of physical access to the site).
  • Red team operations should not be noisy because one of the goals is to remain anonymous from the defense mechanisms to communicate as well as possible with the hacker’s command and control center.
  • We conduct authorized social engineering attacks, which typically refer to the preparation and delivery of phishing campaigns targeting customer employees. The attack target may be programmed individually with each client.
  • Other scenarios may also be possible for on-premise Wi-Fi users to be enabled by a rogue AP (Evil Twin) hardware peripheral. Establishing the first connection of employees to the wireless network makes MiTM (Man-in-The-Middle attacks) scenarios possible to inject malicious executables into the traffic or hijack downloaded files for further access.
  • We are able to carry out simulated attacks at the qualitative level of APT (Advanced Persistent Threat) through CPH (Cyber-Physical-Human) techniques. The purpose of red team operations is to reflect actual cyberattack scenarios that may occur for a particular organization.
  • Red team exercises are used to assess the current security situation in a target company, employee awareness, as well as the response time of internal security teams such as the SOC (Security Operations Center).
  • The red team always tries to use its innovative methods in all the required phases of the attack, therefore the quality of the attack and the benchmarking of the blue team’s measures always depends on the level of knowledge used in the attack of the red team.
  • The main purpose of physical security testing is to enable the implementation of red team scenarios based on access to the organization’s building, restricted access areas, documents, company devices and internal network, physical attacks that are implemented based on peripheral equipment can be very dangerous and be out of sight of defense mechanisms.
  • As part of Red Team operations, we conduct both external and internal network attacks, where the primary goal is to gain access to critical company resources, data, or a way into the internal network. But in most cases, after gaining initial access to the network, we use social engineering or physical access to escalate the attack.


The attacker always tries to gather information to be used in planning future operations. Reconnaissance operations include techniques in which attackers actively or passively collect information. These techniques are used to support the objective and the information obtained from them may include details about the organization, infrastructure, or employees and personnel of the victim and can be used by the attacker in other stages of the intrusion operation cycle in cases such as Intelligence Gathering helps the attacker to plan and execute the Initial Access phase.

Initial Access

An attacker is trying to break into your network. Early access includes techniques that use different input vectors to obtain their initial access in a network. Techniques used to gain access include spear phishing and exploiting weaknesses in public web servers. Foundations gained through initial access can provide ongoing access, such as valid accounts and external remote services.


The attacker is trying to maintain access. Access persistence includes techniques that an attacker uses to prevent re-access to the system, changing credentials, and other interruptions that cause access to be lost. Techniques used for persistence include any functionality or configuration changes that allow an attacker to maintain a place in the system, such as replacing or hijacking authorized code or adding code at startup.

Privilege Escalation

Privilege Escalation includes techniques that an attacker uses to gain higher level permissions on a system or network. Attackers can often enter and explore a network with unprivileged access, but they need higher access to pursue their goals. This need is solved through the usual approaches, the use of weak points or incorrect settings and vulnerabilities of the system. These techniques are often accompanied by persistent access techniques.

Defense Evasion

Defense Evasion includes techniques that attackers use to avoid detection during their attacks. These techniques include removing and disabling security software or obfuscating and encrypting data and scripts. Also, attackers abuse trusted processes to hide their malware.


Discovery includes techniques that an attacker may use to gain information about the internal system and network. These techniques help attackers observe and navigate the environment before deciding how to operate. The information obtained allows the attackers to discover what they can control and what is around their entry point, and find out how to perform the intended exploitation after penetrating the victim’s system. In this regard, there are native operating system tools that are often used to collect information.

Lateral Movement

Lateral movement involves techniques that attackers use to gain access to and control remote systems on a network. Pursuing the main goal often requires exploring the network to find your goal and subsequently achieve it. Achieving a goal often involves cycling through multiple systems and accounts to gain. Attackers may install their own remote access tools to perform lateral movement or use credentials authorized with local network and operating system tools (which may be hidden).


Collection consists of techniques that attackers may use to collect information and the information of the target resources is collected. Often, the next step after collecting data is to steal it. Victim sources usually include different types of drives, browsers, audio, video and email. Common methods of collection include screenshots and keyboard input.

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